Intervju med Jidan Jia, vinneren av GKs Miljøstipend 201207 / 02 / 2013
Jidan Jia og hennes veileder Torfinn Lysfjord, Direktør GK eksisterende bygg.
Jidan Jia, Konsernsjef Jon Valen-Sendstad og Torfinn Lysfjord.
Jidan Jia leser artikkelen om utdelingen av Miljøstipendet i GKs magasin Inneklima.
Masterstudent Jidan Jia ved NTNU var den første til å motta GKs nyetablerte Miljøstipend.
Hun mottok prisen på 100.00 kroner under åpningen av Miljøhuset GK i august 2012.
Hun ble tildelt prisen for sin masteroppgave på temaet "Nearly zero energy neighbourhoods", som fokuserer på energieffektiv rehabilitering av eksisterende boligblokker.
GK har valgt å gjengi intervjuet med Jidan i sin helhet på engelsk, da masteroppgaven ble levert på engelsk.
Why did you choose "sustainable neighbourhoods" as topic for your thesis?
First of all, “nearly zero energy neighbourhoods” is an European collaborative project which involved in four different renovation project. It is said that 80% of the European building stock in 2050 is already built, and most of the existing buildings have low energy performance. That is why renovation is becoming more and more important during buildings design. I used to do another renovation project during second semester by which I learned basic steps of integrated energy design. So during this the master thesis, I hope to use what I have learned into a real project and reinforce my knowledge in this area.
Secondly, this is a real project within four sites in four countries. As an architecture student, there should be more considerations and limitation when it is a real project. It is my pleasure to talk with the people come from municipality—the owner of this building and the people working there. For the engineer part, there are more limitations. Not like the ordinary design at school—some uncertain things can be left as a concept, during the real project the dimension and joint have to be accurate. I have also learned a lot during the workshop with the other architects and engineers.
Last reason just comes from my feelings. When I first see this project, I am considering to bring big different by my renovation design. After I saw this Økern nursing home with a plan and perspective, I have my preliminary concept in my mind. I have confident to improve not only the energy performance but also the living conditions by my design.
Do you think designing sustainable neighbourhoods will be important in Norway in the future?
Sure, and it has already been very important. Actually that is why I choose my master education here in Norway, because Scandinavia plays a leading role in sustainable building area, and neighbourhooods are one of the most important kinds building.
I am impressed by the passive house here, not only because of the thick insulation, the mechanical system, but also the consideration about daylighting combined with heat loss, etc. And a lot of them are neighbourhoods scale.
How do you like to work in the interface between traditional engineering and architecture?
(I am not sure about this question, because I didn’t know a lot about the traditional collaboration between engineering and architecture, so I also answer with my feelings about the cooperation between architect and engineer)
I am not so familiar with the traditional construction process in Norway, but in China, engineering and architecture are almost totally separated during the design stage (at least in most of project). This brings lots of inconvenience during construction. I used to see a pipe comes in the middle of a large window when visiting the site that under constructing. It sounds ridiculous, but exposes problem. This kind of situation won’t happen only if the architect and the engineer can sit together and communicate more. What’s more, in my opinion, it is better for the architect to know more knowledge of engineering.
My background is architecture, which gives me a thinking module of “circulation feels better “or “I prefer this concept”. That is why people always think architects are like artists who are always perceptual. I have my reasons for design, just not showing them with data or simulation. But this doesn’t work for engineer. They always think we are just doing the drawings as we like. During the cooperation with the other engineer students, they kept asking why and I cannot supply sufficient evidence. Their solution which comes from calculation or simulation makes me unsatisfied. There is “fight” sometimes in my class.
I think this happens just for the students, since we have little knowledge about a real project so we just consist on our principles and don’t care the others’ part.
But after one year and half study here, learning some courses of energy calculation and simulation methods, and also plenty of times’ “fighting” with engineer students, I am starting to think as an engineer way. Maybe not totally, but at least I can understand them during communications.
I think some standard, eg. Norwegian standard and Breeam-norge is pushing architects and engineers working together as an integrated process in order to improve their building.
What is the major difference in carrying through your Master thesis in Norway compared to China?
Actually it is my first time to write thesis, and I would like to try doing some research based on design. But normally, in China, as an architecture student, we do a degree project. (I think it is much similar with the normal architecture education here, but different from us.)
The similarity is topics are varied (some students are going to work for the company and some get the project from their supervisor). The difference is here, there are both engineer students and architecture students in our class, so the engineer student can use architect’s project as a simulation case and architect can get some suggestion from his classmates. We write our thesis separately, but get information from each other.
What do you want to do when you are graduated?
I will try to become an architect! After I have worked with this project of my master thesis, I felt urgent to get into an architecture company and start a real design process. Real project has large difference with the project at school. This is the same feeling when I was doing my internship during bachelor, I have learned a lot by drawing the construction plan and collecting feedback from the engineer.
I hope I can involve in design a project for sustainable building at my starting stage of my career, so that my knowledge during master study can be used into practical and get reinforced.